Gum Disease Melbourne
It is important to look after the health of your gums, as they are the supporting tissue for the teeth.
When plaque is allowed to build up and form tartar, it can lead to serious gum health concerns. Problematic conditions such as gum disease may eventually result in loss of teeth and other general health disorders.
Types of Gum Disease
A mild form of periodontal disease, gingivitis causes gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. There is usually little or no noticeable discomfort in its early stages. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Other causes include diabetes, smoking, genetic predisposition, stress and poor nutrition.
Fortunately gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral hygiene care at home.
Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. Over time plaque spreads and grows below the gum line, toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. This stimulates an inflammatory reaction where the body essentially turns on itself. The tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming spaces between teeth that become infected. More gum tissue and bone could continue to degenerate until teeth become loose and require extraction.